FDA-Approved Colorectal Cancer Treatments
|FDA-APPROVED COLORECTAL CANCER TREATMENTS|
|oxaliplatin||Eloxatin||5mg/mL||soln for IV infusion after dilution||Day 1: 85mg/m² + leucovorin, followed by 5−FU.
Day 2: Leucovorin followed by 5−FU.
Give by IV infusion every 2wks for a total of 6mos (eg, 12 cycles).
|capecitabine||Xeloda||150mg, 500mg||tabs||1250mg/m² twice daily for 2wks on and 1wk off, for a total of 8 cycles.|
|fluorouracil||—||50mg/mL||soln for IV inj||12mg/kg once daily for 4 successive days; max 800mg/day. If no toxicity, then 6mg/kg on days 6, 8, 10, 12; stop after day 12. Discontinue if toxicity occurs.|
|ANTIMETABOLITES + PHOSPHORYLASE INHIBITORS|
|trifluridine/tipiracil||Lonsurf||15mg/6.14mg, 20mg/8.19mg||tabs||Days 1−5, 8−12: 35mg/m² twice daily; continue every 28-day cycle until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity; max 80mg/dose (based on trifluridine component).|
|Folic acid derivative|
|lyophilized pwd for IV or IM inj reconsti-
|200mg/m² by slow IV inj over a minimum of 3min followed by 5−fluorouracil (370mg/m²); or 20mg/m² IV followed by 5 fluorouracil (425mg/m²); both regimens: daily for 5 days, may be repeated at 4‑wk intervals for 2 courses and then repeated at 4−5‑wk intervals.|
|lyophilized powder for IV inj after reconsti-
|100mg/m² by slow IV inj over a minimum of 3min, followed by 5‑FU at 370mg/m² by IV inj; or 10mg/m² by IV inj followed by 5‑FU at 425mg/m² by IV inj. Treat daily for 5 days; may repeat 5-day course at 4wk (28 days) intervals for 2 courses, then at 4–5wk (28–35 days) intervals provided that patient recovered completely from toxic effects from prior treatment course. Administer 5-FU separately to avoid precipitate formation.|
|ziv-aflibercept||Zaltrap||25mg/mL||soln for IV infusion after dilution||4mg/kg as an IV infusion over 1hr every 2wks; continue until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity|
|regorafenib||Stivarga||40mg||tabs||160mg once daily for the first 21 days of each 28-day cycle; continue until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.|
|bevacizumab||Avastin||100mg, 400mg||soln for IV infusion after dilution||5mg/kg (with bolus−IFL) or 10mg/kg (with FOLFOX−4) once every 14 days until disease progression detected; 5mg/kg every 2wks or 7.5mg/kg every 3wks (when used with fluoropyrimidine-irinotecan- or fluoropyrimidine-oxaliplatin-based therapy). 1st infusion over 90min, 2nd infusion over 60min, subsequent infusion over 30min.|
|cetuximab||Erbitux1||100mg, 200mg||soln for IV infusion||400mg/m2 once as an IV infusion over 2hrs; then 250mg/m2 once weekly over 1hr until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.|
|ipilimumab||Yervoy2||5mg/mL||soln for IV infusion||In combination with nivolumab: 1mg/kg (given after nivolumab on the same day) every 3wks for 4 doses or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.|
|nivolumab||Opdivo2||10mg/mL||soln for IV infusion after dilution||Single-agent: 240mg every 2wks. In combination with ipilimumab: 3mg/kg (followed by ipilimumab on the same day) every 3wks for 4 doses, then followed by 240mg every 2wks (as single agent).|
|Vectibix3||20mg/mL||soln for IV infusion after dilution||6mg/kg as IV inf over 60min once every 14 days. Doses >1000mg: infuse over 90min.|
|Keytruda2||50mg/vial||lyophilized pwd for IV infusion after reconsti-
|200mg as an IV infusion over 30mins every 3wks until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or up to 24mos in patients without disease progression.|
|25mg/mL||soln for IV infusion after dilution|
|irinotecan||Camptosar||20mg/mL||soln for IV infusion after dilution||Combination therapy (with 5‑FU and leucovorin): 125mg/m² on
days 1, 8, 15, 22; or, 180mg/m² on days 1, 15, 29; both: give every 6wks.
Monotherapy: 125mg/m² on days 1, 8, 15, 22, then 2‑week rest; or, 350mg/m² once every 3wks.
1 For wild-type K-RAS, EGFR-expressing (as determined by an FDA-approved test) colorectal cancer only.